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There are prisons, probably, in every country. Often they are helped by arrogance, one cannot do without luck, the support of friends who are waiting at large is very important. It is not surprising that the most striking shoots became episodes of famous films and TV series. We invite you to get acquainted with the 10 most famous and interesting escapes in history.
Maze Prison Break. This is still the most high-profile and well-known case of its kind in Britain, it happened on September 25, 1983. In the town of Antrim, Northern Ireland, eight members of the Irish Republican Army were able to escape from the seventh block of the local prison, who were serving time for numerous murders and terrorist attacks. Until that time, the "Maze" maximum security prison was considered one of the most reliable and best in Europe, as a result of the escape, as a result, 21 people suffered. One of them, a police officer, died of a heart attack. Two fugitives were injured and returned to their cells. Each block of the prison was surrounded by a 4.5 meter fence and separated by a 5.5 meter concrete wall with barbed wire on top. The entire complex was locked by an electronically controlled steel gate. The escape started at 2-30 am, when the prisoners took over their block and took the guards hostage. The police officers' clothes and the keys to their cars were taken away. At 3-25, a food truck arrived at the prison, which was seized, the driver was forced to take the fugitives. At 3-50 a car with 38 prisoners left the block. It took only a few days to capture half of them, while the rest were covered by fellow Irish Republican Army associates. Some of the prisoners later fled to the United States, where they were arrested and extradited back. For political reasons, the search for the remaining fugitives soon ceased, moreover, some of them even received amnesty. The Maise prison itself was soon subjected to another escape attempt, resulting in a wire over the prison yard to make it impossible for inmates to use the helicopter.
The story of Alfred Hinds. This man is one of the most famous British prisoners. For armed robbery, he received a term of 12 years, but during this time he managed to escape from 3 guarded prisons. Alfred made numerous appeals in his case, although 13 of them were rejected, as a result of which the prisoner was released. The offender was helped by an excellent knowledge of English law. The story began with Hinds being caught trying to rob a jewelry store. However, locked doors and a 6-meter wall did not stop Alfred from escaping. How he did it remained a mystery, no wonder the fugitive was nicknamed "Houdini". However, six months later, the police caught Hinds and put him back in jail. But the robber immediately sued the law enforcement agencies, accusing them of illegal arrest. During the trial, Alfred prepared for another escape from the London courthouse. When the inmate asked to go to the toilet, two guards went with him and removed the handcuffs. Alfred immediately pushed the guards into the toilet stall, deftly locking them there with a lock prepared in advance by his accomplices. No one stopped the fugitive from mingling with the crowd on Fleet Street. But after just five hours, the fugitive was caught at the airport. Less than a year later, Hinds escaped from the walls of Chelmsford Prison. Throughout his entire term, Hinds claimed that he was innocent, he sent a memorandum to parliament, drew the attention of the press. The last of the appeals was considered by the House of Lords itself and was rejected during a three-hour hearing. Hinds spent the remaining 6 years in Parkhurst Prison, a long-term prison on the Isle of Wight.
Seven from Texas. A group of prisoners who escaped from the Texas prison "John Connally Unit" on December 13, 2000, went down in history under this name. However, from January 21 to 23, thanks to the televised show "America's Most Wanted Criminals", all the fugitives were detained. The reward for the detention of especially dangerous criminals was half a million. The escape took place during the elections, the prisoners were taken out so that they could leave their vote to one or another candidate. At 11-20, with the help of some tricks, seven criminals disarmed and captured 9 civilian observers, 4 prison staff and three other innocent prisoners. It happened during lunchtime, when the number of guards decreased. One of the prisoners called for help, and his accomplices at that time stunned the one who approached, took off his clothes and tied him up, then closing him in the pantry. Thus, the fugitives received the clothes they needed, identification cards and credit cards. Soon, the seven made their way into the prison service truck and left the prison. The criminals moved to another car and robbed a store with an accomplice on the outskirts of Dallas, killing a police officer. The gang was preparing another robbery, this time the target was to be a casino in Nevada, but the police have already overtaken them. During the fierce firefight, five fugitives were detained, two were caught two days later. Now two of those who fled are no longer alive - one was executed, and the other committed suicide while being detained. The remaining five are awaiting execution of their death sentences.
Escape of Alfred Wetzler from the concentration camp. This man, who was a Slovak Jew, was able to escape from the German concentration camp "Auschwitz" during the Holocaust. Subsequently, Alfred, together with his friend and partner Rudolf Vrba, wrote a report on what was happening in the Auschwitz camp. They drew up a detailed plan of the camp, a description of the gas chambers and crematoria, and the emblem of a canister of "Zyklon" suffocating gas used by the Nazis was also mentioned. It was after the appearance of this report that the whole world became aware of the illegalities perpetrated by the Nazis in Auschwitz. The escape took place on April 7, 1944 at 2 o'clock, on the Jewish Passover. Wetzler and Vrba, while at logging sites, hid in a shelter prepared in advance. Several prisoners built it to escape, and there was a shelter outside the guarded perimeter of the camp. In order to knock the dogs off the trail, the fugitives scattered strong tobacco throughout the area. But since the outer perimeter was guarded around the clock, they had to spend 4 whole days in hiding to avoid being found. Only on April 10, the prisoners, putting on their hidden shoes and clothes, were able to get out of the camp and, with the help of the children's atlas found in the warehouse, head to the Polish-Slovak border ...
From Siberia to India. This story happened to the Polish soldier Slawomir Ravich, who was arrested after the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939. Interrogations by the NKVD were conducted first in Moscow, then in Kharkov. Already in the capital of the USSR, Ravich was accused of espionage and received 25 years of hard labor in one of the Siberian camps. A long journey began - first to Irkutsk, then to camp # 303, located 650 kilometers from the Arctic Circle. However, Slawomir was not for long at construction work - on April 9, 1941, he took advantage of a severe blizzard and, together with 6 other prisoners, fled to the south. Soon the prisoners were joined by another fugitive, the Polish woman Christina. After 9 days, the group crossed the Lena, soon they reached Baikal, then ended up in Mongolia. It was lucky for the fugitives that they were helped by almost everyone they met along the way. The Gobi Desert became the last refuge for two of the group. To survive, the rest ate snakes. In October 1941, the six who remained reached Tibet. And then they were treated quite friendly, especially after their stories that they were heading to the heart of Tibet, Lhasa. In winter, Ravich and his comrades reached the Himalayas, where one of them froze in his sleep, and the other fell into the abyss. According to Ravich, in March 1942, the survivors entered India. In 1956, the book "The Long Way" was published. However, Ravich in it did not provide any evidence of the veracity of his story, besides, the story was replete with many inaccuracies in depicting the life of the Soviet camps. A 2006 BBC investigation revealed that Slavomir was indeed in Stalin's camps, but still did not make his trip. So the great escape turned out to be a great hoax.
Escape from Alcatraz. The film of the same name was based on the events of the escape from the legendary prison located on the island on June 11, 1962. In general, during the 29 years that the prison functioned, 14 attempts were made to escape from it, in which 34 people took part. Official statistics say that none of the attempts were successful, and all participants were either captured or killed. However, the bodies of the fugitives of 1937 and 1962 were never found, which gave grounds to consider the successful completion of the attempt. The most famous escape attempt belongs to Frank Morris and the Anglin brothers. The prisoners learned that behind the cells in their building there is an unguarded service tunnel, about a meter wide. To get to it, the fugitives took turns moistening the concrete and picking out pieces from it. A metal spoon turned into a drill became a tool of labor. The motor was stolen from the vacuum cleaner, and the tool was soldered with a molten silver dime. The fugitives left papier-mâché dolls in their beds, and the passage was closed up with bricks. Through the tunnel, the prisoners descended to the water, where they built a raft of rubber raincoats. According to the official version, Morris and his friends are considered to be carrying news of the missing, drowned in the waters of the bay. There were rumors that the brothers' relatives received postcards from them in South America, and the investigation of the Discovery Channel proved that the fugitives could have reached land and escape.
Mass escape from Libby. This escape took place during the American Civil War. On the night of February 9-10, 1864, more than a hundred prisoners escaped from the cells of Libby Prison, which was located in Virginia. Of the 109, the Union frontline reached only 59, 48 had been caught by that time, and two had drowned in the James River. Libby Prison occupied an entire block of Richmond, she was "famous" for its terrible conditions of detention - there was a constant lack of food, there was no question of sanitation. According to rumors, at the bottom of the building there were abandoned catacombs, long occupied by rats. Unsurprisingly, thousands of people have died in Libby. The prisoners decided to make sure of the existence of underground communications, when they checked it, work began on the tunnel. It took the fugitives 17 days to sneak under the 15-meter guarded section of the prison and get out into the tobacco field. It is known that one of the leaders of the prisoners, Colonel Rose, exclaimed: "The underground railway to the land of God is open!" The officers left Libby in groups of 2-3 on the night of February 9. Gathering together, they entered the city and disappeared into its streets.
Johnny D. Once again, the story of the escape of a man became the basis of the film of the same name. The main character, John Dillinger, was one of America's most famous criminals in the 1930s. He possessed great cunning, and his self-confidence allowed him to gain fame comparable to that of movie stars. Bank robbery became the basis of Dillinger's activity, as a result the number of successful attempts exceeded twenty. And the prison walls did not become an obstacle to him - Johnny escaped twice from the most unthinkable and guarded places. A particularly famous case is the escape of a bandit from the Crown Point convict prison in Indiana. At present, the course of events has already managed to acquire details, legends and myths. According to one of the legends, Dillinger was put in a cage and tied hand and foot, and he was guarded around the clock by three guards. However, two weeks later Johnny was already walking free, earning the nickname "Gooddini of the underworld." However, the truth was not so colorful, Dillinger made a pistol out of wood and painted it with wax. On March 3, 1934, threatening with a weapon, he forced the guard to open the cell, took hostages, and with the help of this made his way to freedom. According to another version, the weapon was handed over to the prisoner through bribery by his lawyer. Dillinger left prison openly, driving away in a seized nearby car and singing songs. At first, the police did not believe the calls from the townspeople that the legendary criminal was leaving the prison. However, only 4 months Johnny could elude the detectives, on July 22, 1934 he was killed.
Escape by helicopter. It would seem that such a spectacular plot is not for real life. Moreover, many are confident that prisons at the end of the 20th century were much better guarded than in the 30s. However, in 2001, Pascal Payet was able to leave the prison using a helicopter! The offender was arrested in January 1999 in Paris, while he was awaiting trial, his place of stay was the prison of the department of Bouches-du-ron. The wait dragged on for two long years. And so, in October 2001, a helicopter hovered over the courtyard of the prison, piloted by Payet's accomplice. It only took two inmates a few minutes to get inside the aircraft and be released. For four years, the police could not catch Pascal, during which time he was even able to free his friends from prison and again with the help of a helicopter. Payet was caught in 2005, but released again two years later by helicopter! It took only 5 minutes to escape. The stay at large now lasted only three months. Now the police have even classified the location of the criminal, believing that by doing so they will prevent his next escape.
An unnoticed escape. Julien Chatorde went to jail for seven years on charges of several arson. Almost immediately upon arrival at a London prison, the prisoner escaped using a very interesting method. When all the arrivals were leaving the van, Chathorde hid there and then crawled under the bottom. The truck drove out of the prison, taking the fugitive with it. So Julien quickly found himself free. The jailers saw that something was wrong only seven hours later, when one of the security cameras showed an indistinct shadow under the truck. But what is curious about this story is the fact that Chhatorde himself turned up to the police station after three days.