Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis

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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease that affects the fibers of the spinal cord and brain. In fact, multiple sclerosis has nothing to do with this.

This neurological disease can make young people disabled. We know about him mainly from myths, which must be debunked.

Multiple sclerosis affects all people the same way. This disease affects people in different ways. Most MS manifests itself as short-term flares, between which there are long periods of remission. There are also those whose symptoms are constantly progressing, resulting in disability. And there is such a mild form of MS, which practically does not affect a person's life in any way.

Multiple sclerosis is impossible to fight. Although the disease cannot really be cured, it must be fought. There are immunomodulatory drugs for injection or oral administration that can help delay the progression of the disease and reduce the severity and severity of symptoms. It is worth remembering about such treatment methods as physiotherapy, massage, heat, relaxation. It also helps relieve symptoms.

Thanks to immunomodulatory drugs, you can feel better. Sclerosis attacks the protective borders of nerve fibers, and immunomodulatory drugs can reduce this activity. Strategically, such drugs slow down the progression of the disease, but there is no escaping the symptoms that are already present. To really improve the quality of life, you need to resort to other methods of treatment. These can be additional medications, you must also start to deal with stress and change your lifestyle.

If a woman has multiple sclerosis, then she should not have children. This disease occurs in women twice as often as in men. It usually begins at childbearing age. But pregnancy does not worsen health or aggravate symptoms. Do not be afraid that multiple sclerosis will lead to infertility or miscarriage. Moreover, Australian scientists have shown that having at least one child in a woman reduces the risk of MS by 50 percent. And for women with three or more children, this figure is even higher. Researchers believe that the hormonal environment during pregnancy plays a role here.

Women with multiple sclerosis cannot breastfeed. During pregnancy, remission of the disease occurs, and after childbirth, a relapse usually occurs. Some of the drugs used to fight multiple sclerosis are incompatible with breastfeeding. It is best in this case to discuss this situation with your doctor, perhaps he will advise other medications. So some women can safely feed their baby.

Because of multiple sclerosis, you will have to quit your job. Statistics say that even after such a diagnosis, one in four people remains at work for more than twenty years. So why rush to get fired? At such a moment, you need to carefully think about your desires and opportunities, take into account legal rights. Those who have decided to keep their jobs should think about the convenience of their workplace and its equipment. Its slight modernization will allow you to maintain the same productivity.

You can fight multiple sclerosis by removing dental fillings. There is a belief that dental fillings contain mercury. Since it can cause sclerosis, the fillings must be removed. But this myth is not supported by science. Of course, mercury poisoning is really dangerous for the nervous system. Only, in this case, the nerves are damaged in a completely different way than in multiple sclerosis.

Mobile means are needed only for those who can no longer walk by themselves. In advanced stages of the disease, assistive devices such as walkers, canes and wheelchairs are used. It is believed that they are needed by those who can no longer do without them. In practice, it turns out that many people with such a diagnosis, but still in a moderate stage of the disease, can use mobile devices. They will come in handy when you want to take a break, or the walk becomes long.

Multiple sclerosis occurs due to physical injury. Scientists have proven that this is not the case. Trauma does not affect the recurrence of the disease in any way. And although in the group of patients with MS there was indeed an increased trauma rate, this is due precisely to the symptoms of the disease - impaired coordination, loss of balance. In the 1980s and 1990s, studies were conducted on MS patients and control groups. It turned out that there is no connection between trauma and the appearance of this disease. The exception is electrical injury.

There are many known causes of multiple sclerosis. Scientists have been looking for the causes of this disease for a long time. At first it was thought that the causative agent was the same virus that causes distemper in dogs. Then allergy was considered to be the culprit of MS, only that the same allergen was never found. Suspicions of the negative influence of heavy metals remained unsubstantiated. It has been argued that MS can be caused by the artificial sweetener aspartame. Scientists can only state that some viruses can damage the lipid membrane that covers nerve fibers. But in the case of MS, this virus was never found. It has not even been proven that the virus is the root cause. Now scientists are studying the effect on the disease of the Epstein-Bar virus, which is often present in patients. But it is still not known what causes this disease.

To detect multiple sclerosis, magnetic resonance imaging must be performed. This method became the main one for confirming the diagnosis. It is believed that such a scan can detect brain damage and clinically inactive areas in it. In fact, this diagnostic method in this case is hopelessly outdated and inaccurate. The researchers concluded that there may be no brain damage in MS. British doctors generally came to the disappointing conclusion that there are no available means to accurately detect the disease. Unfortunately, this suggests that many cases of the disease are misdiagnosed. Patients and their relative go through a lot of suffering, although nothing happens to them.

Multiple sclerosis is a viral disease. Research into viruses and bacteria has made it possible to simulate multiple sclerosis in laboratory animals. The experimental autoimmune encephalitis virus EAE was created specifically for this. By observing its effects, scientists wanted to better understand the cause of MS symptoms. But do not forget that EAE is an artificially created virus, and not the causative agent of sclerosis of the disease.

Multiple sclerosis is inherited. Scientists say the disease is clearly autoimmune. Genes play a role, but are clearly not guilty of everything. The fact that the family of a patient with MS has had similar cases is only part of the equation. Indeed, if someone from the family has already suffered from sclerosis, then the risk increases 10 times. But much more important are environmental factors and infections, which play a decisive role in who will eventually get sick.

Multiple sclerosis is a death sentence. This is not true. For people with this diagnosis, life expectancy is not much different from the rest. Although MS will accompany a person until death, disease can be controlled by slowing its progression and reducing symptoms. Many people are active. Doctors recommend treating such a disease as chronic, but quite manageable. Only a small percentage of patients with severe sclerosis die from complications.

This condition only affects older people. Multiple sclerosis has almost nothing to do with old age. Most people get this diagnosis between the ages of 20 and 50. It happens that MS appears in both children and the elderly. In America, such a disease is present in 400 thousand people, every week this diagnosis is made to 200 patients.

The number of patients with multiple sclerosis is constantly growing. It is difficult to assess whether more patients were leafing through, or not. The fact is that some cases could be diagnosed only with the current state of technology, while in the past they would have gone unnoticed. But we can definitely say that the gap between men and women is increasing. If earlier two cases in women accounted for one male, now the ratio is close to 4 to 1.

Patients with multiple sclerosis should not play sports. Previously, doctors really advised limiting physical activity for people with such a diagnosis. Today it is known that the benefits of sport outweigh the risks from it. That changed in 1996, when researchers at the University of Utah proved that aerobic exercise reduced many of the symptoms of MS. For example, the intestines began to work better, fatigue and depression were gone. For people with attacks of sclerosis, it is better to abstain from sports, and at other times it will help maintain tone. Also, sports will help to lose weight.

Watch the video: Managing Multiple Sclerosis (August 2022).