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The domestic guinea pig (from the Latin Cavia porcellus) is a mammalian animal from the order of rodents and belongs to the mumps family. These animals were domesticated in ancient times by the Inca tribes. Nowadays, there are more than 20 types of guinea pigs kept at home: Angora (long hair), rosette (Abyssinian) (hair grows on the head in the form of a rosette), English shorthair, etc. The growth of animals does not exceed 35 cm, and the body is covered with wool. They have four toes on their front legs, and three on their hind legs. The life span of animals is six to eight years. Puberty in males occurs at two months, in females at five. Pregnancy ranges from 60 to 65 days. One litter can have from one to seven pups, depending on the breed (multiple and infertile).
Guinea pigs got this name because they live in the sea. In fact, they were so nicknamed due to the fact that these animals came to Europe from South America, which, as you know, is located overseas. By the way, these animals live there to this day, moreover, in the form of wild animals. Once in Europe, the animals were called overseas pigs, and a little later the prefix "for" was cut off and the name "sea" was obtained.
Domestic guinea pigs should live in an aquarium with water. Well, this is sheer absurdity! In such a "house" they will not last long, they will drown. The pigs are kept in conventional cages specially designed for domesticated rodents (hamsters, mice, etc.).
These animals were nicknamed "pigs" because they are unclean. In fact, these animals make a sound very similar to the grunting of a real pig. That is why the animals are called "pigs". Also, there is a version that they were so nicknamed because of the special structure of the head.
Guinea pigs give off an unpleasant odor and a lot of dirt. If, say, a month does not put things in order in the animal's cage, then of course it will smell bad. If you periodically clean and clean the cage behind it, then there will be no unpleasant smell. The only thing that animals can smell like is sawdust (which serves them as bedding) and hay (food). In addition, the pigs wash themselves with their front paws every day, which indicates their cleanliness.
The pigs can bite. In most cases, these animals are not aggressive and are peaceful towards others. The guinea pig prefers to run and hide from danger rather than defend itself. If she has nowhere to hide, then she clocks into the far corner and you can hear her teeth chattering. To bite this animal, you need to "get" it very hard.
Guinea pigs don't make much noise. Controversial statement. At the slightest rustle, the animal can make a not at all quiet sound with which it tries to tell about its condition (joy, greeting, fright ...). Moreover, the sounds can be in the form of whistling, squealing, gurgling, grunting, etc.
Guinea pigs do not need to drink water, they get the required amount of liquid from fruits and vegetables. Not a single living creature, including a guinea pig, can live on our land without water. Therefore, a drinking bowl with water must be present in the cage. A pregnant guinea pig especially needs water, since in such an "interesting" position it needs twice as much liquid as always.
About a week before giving birth, a pregnant guinea pig needs to cut down on its food intake, otherwise it will not be able to give birth. Not feeding enough of an animal, especially a pregnant one, is a real mockery! This approach can adversely affect the health of the female and her offspring. On the contrary, during this period, the female needs double care and triple nutrition, because she so much needs nutrients and vitamins.
Guinea pigs usually give birth early in the morning, while it is quiet. Is not a fact. With the same success, they can give birth at lunchtime, and in the evening, and at night. As for the silence, at the time of birth, the female is focused on the process itself, therefore, the environment is of little interest to her.
These animals feed on scraps from the "master's table" and food waste. Such a "menu" will quickly bring the animal "to the grave." Guinea pigs are very delicate creatures that need a complete balanced diet. A variety of vegetables, grain mix and hay must be present in their diet.
These are uninteresting animals, since you cannot teach them anything, and therefore, they do not know how to do anything except eat and sleep. You can argue with that. Guinea pigs are very easy to train. They are quite capable of distinguishing their bowl by color, ringing a bell, answering their name, guessing a melody, and much more. The main thing here is to be patient (however, as with any other animal) and the result will not be long in coming.
Guinea pigs should not be overfed with carrots. That is what is not allowed, that is not allowed. And this is due to the fact that the beta-carotene contained in carrots is processed by the liver of the animal into vitamin A, which is already abundant in the pig. As a result, an "overdose" can occur, which will adversely affect the animal's liver.