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Tiger (lat. The body of this animal is elongated, flexible and muscular, 1.8 - 3.1 m long and weighing about 270 kg.

The head has a rounded shape, the ears are small, the tail is long (about 90 cm). The color of the coat is red with black transverse stripes.

Thanks to this unusual color, the animal can camouflage itself well in the thickets. In addition, the color of the skin depends on the specific geographic location of the "cat", which makes it possible to distinguish several subspecies of this animal.

The most famous species are the Amur, Bengal, Indochinese tigers. These animals can be found only in Asia (in Southeast Asia, in the Middle and Far East, in the Primorsky Territory of Russia), they live in a variety of areas (both in forests and in mountains).

They feed on ungulates, and also do not disdain crocodiles, turtles, crabs, fish and insects. The mating season, as a rule, falls in the winter season, the duration of pregnancy varies between 95 and 112 days.

Usually two to four cubs are born, in rare cases - one. Young tigers live with their mothers for 2-5 years, and reach sexual maturity: females - at 3-4 years, males - at 4-5 years. Life expectancy is maximum 25-26 years.

Tigers always hunt in packs. This statement is far from the truth. Many people confuse the lifestyle of tigers with the lifestyle of lions. Lions - yes, they live and hunt in groups, while tigers are animals accustomed to loneliness, and therefore prefer to hunt alone. Although there is an exception to this tiger rule: tigers can hunt in a small group in the event of a mating season and when young tiger cubs cannot yet lead a full adult life on their own.

Each tiger can be distinguished from another by the footprints it leaves. In reality, a track of the same tiger will always look different on different soil, so it is not easy to tell which tiger has visited a given location.

Tigers are afraid of water. Unlike other animals of the feline family, just tigers and jaguars are not a bit afraid of water places and swim there with great pleasure. When the weather is particularly hot, these animals literally do not get out of the water, they can lie there for hours, fleeing the scorching sun.

Tigers cannot climb trees. They also belong to the feline family, which means, like an ordinary domestic cat, they can climb a tree. Here are just their lesson is not particularly favorite and a tiger can climb a tree only if a tidbit has "sat down" there or if there is a stressful situation. Therefore, when a person meets a tiger, it makes no sense to hide from the beast in a tree.

Tigers love to feast on humans. As a rule, a healthy young tiger will never specifically hunt a person; ungulates and other animals are enough for him. Old or sick (wounded) tigers can really attack people, since they are no longer able to hunt large prey.

Having obtained food for itself and having eaten densely, the tiger sets off on a long journey, no longer paying attention to other animals. False statement. The tiger is not a fan of long walks, and therefore rarely makes long journeys. And he can hunt at any opportunity presented to him.

There is a separate species of tigers - White tigers. This is an erroneous statement. In fact, white tigers are not identified as a separate breed group. In addition, the birth of a white tiger is quite rare. Such an "ugly duckling" among tigers can be born to a completely normal orange-black tiger family. The fact is that the coat of white tigers can sometimes be devoid of pigmentation responsible for the red color, while the black stripes remain unchanged. So it turns out a tiger with black stripes on a white fur coat.

Tigers fight among themselves not for life, but for death. Controversial statement. Usually, a fight for tigers is a way to prove which of them is stronger. But, as a rule, the strongest will never "finish off" the weak. As soon as the weaker animal realizes that it is beyond its strength to fight the enemy, it tries to retreat as quickly as possible, and the strong one, in turn, shows generosity and does not pursue the fleeing brother.

Tigers hate dogs. What's true is true. Several points of view explain this hatred. One point of view is a long-standing feud between dog and cat. Another one is inclined to think that dog meat is very useful for a tiger and is extremely tasty. In any case, no matter what the dog does and wherever it is - noticing it, the tiger strives to "crush" the animal.

These animals live only in Africa. As most researchers believe, all the currently known species of this predatory cat descended from the South Chinese tigers. They gradually settled in Iran and Turkey, but this cannot be said about Africa. Of course, today there are more than enough of them, but this does not mean that the tigers themselves moved there and chose these places, most likely a man helped them in this.

Watch the video: Top 5 Tiger Moments. BBC Earth (August 2022).